United Air Lines

Early Jetliners to Florida

United Air Lines In 1958, Capital Airlines was the fifth largest airline in the U.S., operating a network of routes in the east and south. While Capital struggled financially, United Air Lines wanted to obtain Capital's new routes to Florida awarded in 1958. A merger was completed on July 1, 1961, by which time Capital was flying Boeing 720 jets nonstop from Cleveland and Pittsburgh to Miami. Vickers Viscount prop-jets operated from Buffalo, Pittsburgh and Cleveland to Atlanta, Jacksonville, Tampa, West Palm Beach and Miami.

United Air Lines United Air Lines became the largest airline in the free world when it took over the Florida routes with their Douglas DC-6 propeller aircraft. In 1961, they became the only U.S. carrier to operate the French Sud-Est Caravelle jets and soon deployed them on their Florida routes. They were operating Boeing 720 jets on the nonstop routes from Pittsburgh and Cleveland to Miami and also Cleveland - Pittsburgh - Tampa - Miami. The Caravelles were operating from Cleveland and Pittsburgh to Atlanta, continuing to Jacksonville and Miami.

Sample one-way fares from Cleveland to Miami: First class $91; Day coach $72; All fares are in U.S. dollars.

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B720 - United Air Lines
Boeing 720 United Air Lines
Series: None Engines: 4 x PW JT3C-7 Thrust: 12500lb (5670kg) Wingspan: 130ft (40m) Length: 136ft (41m) Height: 41ft (12m) Passengers: 156 Max weight: 229000lb (103874kg) Range: 3220mi (5182km) Max cruise: 600mph (966kph)
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CVL - United Air Lines
SE Caravelle United Air Lines
Series: VI-R Engines: 2 x RR Avon 352 Thrust: 12600lb (5715kg) Wingspan: 113ft (34m) Length: 105ft (32m) Height: 28ft (9m) Passengers: 99 Max weight: 112400lb (50985kg) Range: 1555mi (2502km) Max cruise: 525mph (845kph)
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